Per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) personality disorders represent “an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture”. These unhealthy patterns of thinking, functioning, and behaving tend to be rigid and consistent across situations and leads to distress or functional and social impairment.

Around 9% population has some sort of personality disorder, most common being the borderline personality disorder.

Personality disorders usually begin in the teenage years or early adulthood. There are many types of personality disorders.

Types of Personality Disorders

  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Co-existing/Co-morbid Disorders

Most of the personality disorders are associated with another mental health disorder, most common being the anxiety disorders. Depression, mood disorders, impulse control disorder, substance use disorder are other common associations.

Risk factors

  • Genetic- family history
  • Abusive, unstable, chaotic childhood
  • Childhood conduct disorder
  • Mental health disorders

Treatment

Medications- are mainly used for symptomatic reli

Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is the mainstay of treatment. Several types of psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy” or, in a less specific form, counseling) can help people with depression. Examples of evidence-based approaches specific to the treatment of depression include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy (IPT), and problem-solving therapy.