Per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) personality disorders represent “an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture”. These unhealthy patterns of thinking, functioning, and behaving tend to be rigid and consistent across situations and leads to distress or functional and social impairment.
Around 9% population has some sort of personality disorder, most common being the borderline personality disorder.
Personality disorders usually begin in the teenage years or early adulthood. There are many types of personality disorders.
Types of Personality Disorders
Borderline Personality Disorder
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Histrionic Personality Disorder
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Most of the personality disorders are associated with another mental health disorder, most common being the anxiety disorders. Depression, mood disorders, impulse control disorder, substance use disorder are other common associations.
Genetic- family history
Abusive, unstable, chaotic childhood
Childhood conduct disorder
Mental health disorders
Medications- are mainly used for symptomatic reli
Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the mainstay of treatment. Several types of psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy” or, in a less specific form, counseling) can help people with depression. Examples of evidence-based approaches specific to the treatment of depression include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy (IPT), and problem-solving therapy.